Blood donation is essentially a process that many individuals go through every year. People involved in the process will tell you that you are saving a life, but they don’t specify what happens after the donation. You can basically donate blood if you are seventeen years and older. You may also need to weigh around 110lbs and more, and you need to be in good health. Once you get to your blood donation center, you get your health history recorded and undergo a small checkup. After you have had your blood collected, it is placed in test tubes and labeled, then put on ice and awaits arriving at the processing center.
At the center, the blood is placed in labs, and all your information is recorded in computerized systems. Your blood is then separated into various components from which some can be transfused, and some cannot. The platelets and red blood cells are leuko-reduced, meaning that the white cells are taken out, so that chances of the recipient reacting negatively to the new blood are lowered. After that, every component is packaged as one particular unit so that they can be easily transfused to another person.
With your blood, several tests are carried upon while it’s in the lab. With these tests, the doctors are able to decipher whether the blood has any possible diseases and what blood type it is. Once the tests are concluded, the center acquires the results that then determine whether your blood is positive, and if it is, it is discarded. You are also informed in case this happens. If your results are good, you get all of our units stored. Platelets will be stored at room temperature, red cells are refrigerated, and cryo, as well as plasma, are kept in a medical freezer. Afterwards, your blood is shipped to hospitals at their peril.
As the blood gets to the transfusion process, the doctors are the ones who will declare a patient to be needy of the blood. The doctors certify what kind of blood the patient needs. In case the patient is suffering from a deficiency of iron or anemia, he is able to receive red blood cell transfusion. Another patient who may be going through chemotherapy will be given platelet transfusion. A patient suffering from severe burns and or liver failure gets a plasma transfusion instead. This then shows the need for having your blood separated and stored in units for convenience and to help needy patients directly.